BP Energy Statistical Review 2017

Last Tuesday, 13 June 2017 I had an opportunity to attend the BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2017 launching in BP office in London. I am always interested in reading either BP’s energy outlook or statistical review every year, merely based on my curiosity on how the big fossil fuel players see their business in the future. Compared to a neutral organization like Bloomberg or International Energy Agency, there are some distinct points on big energy* companies’ energy outlook seeing the market share of fossil fuel in the future. They tend to overlook the share of fossil fuel in the future primary energy supply, prefer to underestimate the growth of renewable and alternative energy source other than fossil fuel. Starting from the fact that nobody can predict the future with their outlook, the move makes very sensible motives of the big energy company to favor the optimism of big fossil fuel share since that is the value of their business. The outlook might ensure their stakeholders that everything in the business is still good at least until next twenty years, as most outlook now predict the condition in 2040.

*Now the big oil companies tend to call themselves by energy company in order to remove the trademark of fossil fuel producer, even though the majority of their portfolio is still in oil and gas industry.

The opening speech was done by Lamar McKay, one of BP Deputy Group Chief Executive. He emphasized on the declining coal usage in power industry, the stagnation of carbon emission, and the strategy to achieve the emission commitment as declared in COP20 at Paris. Shortly, he also mentioned briefly about BP’s strategy on surviving the energy industry by altering their upstream investment in the gas field and strengthening their presence in the downstream industry as lube producers. Especially, he mentioned about six from seven major projects in upstream sector are gas field drilling to justify their strategy on prioritizing gas-related investment. Natural gas is the cleanest fossil fuel compared to the others, especially coal as it emits around two times carbon than natural gas. Most people believed that natural gas is the bridge fuel for the transition from fossil fuel dominated power sector into the renewable energy powered.

The main talk was delivered by Spencer Dale, the chief economist of BP. Two main points that he emphasised were the short run adjustment and long run transition of world energy. Some issues in energy that he talked about are the resilience of tight oil that play an important part in the oil market and the unwillingness of OPEC to cut production in November 2014 when oil price started to crash. OPEC’s power to handle the market crash seemed unapparent, so the result of the event was the permanent shock and the long-term structural imbalance of the oil market. OPEC can do temporary adjustment to the stock of oil in order to stabilize the market. But no one knows what will be the stability price of oil in the next 5 or 10 years.

Natural gas, despite the expected prospect as new fuel to replace coal in power generation showed positive but slow growth. The number of gas trade through long-term contract decreased, as more short-term and small size contract became more prevalent. Added by prospect of LNG and USA shale gas capacity, gas market is expected to grow more competitive where LNG might plays an important part.

Renewables will only contributing up to 4% of primary energy supply despite its unexpected fast growth in power generation sectors due to falling cost of solar and wind energy. However, the variability of renewable power still very dependable on weather condition in the location which makes it less reliable to provide big share in the power supply. There was a question during the Q&A session that argued that the lack of renewable growth is in implication of not high enough carbon tax. It is still debatable about renewables, about what can drive more renewables penetrating the energy market. Spencer opined that price will be the deciding factor, and the way you drive the prices are numerous. However, which one will be effective is still debatable.

It was such a valuable experience for me, being the students amongst all professional with suits from a different background. Some are market analyst and trader, some are consultants, and some come from academics. The presence of fossil fuel industry is unexpectedly still very prominent in the energy industry, hence I am curious and excited for the energy industry transition that may happen in the near future.

Aplikasi Visa Student UK Tier 4 Ternyata Mudah

Grup pre-departure UK mendadak ramai sekitar bulan Mei – Juli, sekitar 3 bulan menjelang Fall semester intake dari hampir semua universitas di UK. Aplikasi visa student UK seolah momok yang lebih menakutkan dibandingkan seleksi wawancara LPDP. Beberapa calon pelajar bisa tenang dan bersantai karena menggunakan jasa pengurusan aplikasi visa yang ditawarkan agen pendidikan terkenal seperti SUN, IBEC, atau IDP. Namun bagi yang mengurus sendiri dan first timer aplikasi visa UK, rasa takut gagal pasti ada mengingat biaya aplikasi yang relatif mahal dibanding visa ke negara lain. Saya ingin berbagi pengalaman saya mengajukan aplikasi visa PBS Tier 4 Student tanpa menggunakan kartu kredit untuk pembayaran online namun menggunakan kartu debit.

Perkenalan singkat, saya Ronald Sukianto merupakan salah satu awardee Beasiswa Pendidikan Indonesia LPDP PK-66 Laskar Dewantara yang akan melanjutkan studi tingkat magister di Sustainable Energy Futures, Imperial College London. Share mengenai aplikasi postgraduate di ICL dapat dilihat di Aplikasi Taught MSc in Sustainable Energy Futures, Imperial College London.

Dokumen yang dapat dipersiapkan

Dokumen terpenting yang perlu didapatkan adalah CAS (Confirmation of Acceptance Study). ICL hanya akan menerbitkan CAS paling cepat 3 bulan sebelum official course starting date dari program studi kita. Misalkan saya di SEF, dimulai tanggal 1 Oktober 2016 maka CAS diterbitkan tanggal 5 Juli 2016. Sambil menunggu CAS, dokumen yang dapat dipersiapkan:

  1. Sertifikat bebas TBC dari RS Premier (Jakarta, Surabaya, atau Bali) yang berlaku 6 bulan dari tanggal tes. Tata cara Tes Bebas TBC di RS Premier Jatinegara.
  2. Terjemahan KK dan akta lahir yang dikeluarkan oleh Sworn Translator yang diakui oleh British Embassy. Daftarnya dapat dilihat di fadfafa . Saya pribadi menggunakan jasa penerjemah Tjan Sie Tek, hasilnya memuaskan.
  3. Paspor yang masih berlaku.
  4. Ijazah dan transkrip akademik pendidikan sebelumnya dalam bahasa Inggris (tidak perlu diterjemahkan oleh sworn translator).

Dokumen yang tidak wajib tapi boleh disiapkan:

  • Pas foto berlatar belakang putih, mulai 2016 foto dilakukan saat sesi pengambilan BRP sehingga tidak perlu membawa pas foto lagi.
  • Sertifikat IELTS, karena biasanya pihak kampus memberi keterangan dalam CAS bahwa kemampuan bahasa Inggris kita sudah di assess sesuai kriteria mereka. IELTS tidak wajib namun boleh saja dibawa saat appointment visa.
  • ATAS bagi yang wajib melampirkan, kebetulan jurusan saya tidak membutuhkan ATAS.
  • KTP tidak perlu dibuat terjemahan.
  • Kartu kredit untuk membayar aplikasi visa dan asuransi kesehatan. Saya bukan pengguna kartu kredit, saya tetap bisa membayar menggunakan kartu debit.
  • Booking flight ticket . Saya tidak menyiapkan ini, nyatanya aplikasi visa tetap sukses.

Bagi awardee beasiswa dokumen yang perlu dipersiapkan adalah Letter of Guarantee (LoG)atau Letter of Scholarship (LoS) yang memeberikan jaminan sponsor pembiayaan perkuliahan kita selama di UK. Awardee LPDP dapat menggunakan LoG maupun LoS, namun saya pribadi menggunakan LoG.

Online Application VFS Global

Aplikasi visa UK bisa dilakukan di https://www.visa4uk.fco.gov.uk/account/register. Setelah mendaftar, segera isi form mengenai detail paspor dan data diri. Progress aplikasi dapat di save sehingga bisa dilanjutkan kapan pun kita mau. Poin-poin dalam pengisian yang perlu diperhatikan:

  •  Nama lengkap dan nomor paspor harus sesuai dengan CAS.
  • Starting and end date course harus sesuai dengan CAS.
  • Tipe visa Tier 4 General (Sponsored) jika kita dibiayai oleh beasiswa, dalam kasus saya beasiswa LPDP. Namun pengalaman teman-teman penerima beasiswa LPDP yang memilih tipe visa Tier 4 General juga di-granted visa nya.
  • Masukan detail visa yang pernah didapat dan negara yang pernah dikunjungi. Paspor lama saya yang sudah dimusnahkan pihak imigrasi tetap saya tulis di aplikasi namun saya pilih “not in possession” sehingga saya tidak perlu membawa paspor lama, hanya paspor terbaru yang saya bawa.
  • Masukan lokasi pengambilan BRP setelah sampai di UK dengan benar karena BRP kita harus diambil dalam jangka waktu tertentu di tempat yang telah kita pilih. Saya memilih lokasi pengambilan BRP di Imperial College London sesuai petunjuk.
  • Tier 4 sponsor diisi dengan pihak kampus yang mengeluarkan CAS kita, dalam kasus saya Imperial College London.
  • Official financial sponsor diisi dengan lembaga yang membiayai studi kita, dalam kasus saya Indonesia Endowment Fund for Education.

Kartu debit – Virtual Credit Card

Saya menggunakan fitur Virtual Credit Card dari BNI, biasa disebut BNI Debit Online. Saya adalah pemegang kartu debit Mastercard dari BNI Taplus Muda. Kita dapat membuat kartu kredit virtual dengan memanfaatkan fitur sms banking. Prinsipnya VCC adalah kartu kredit virtual yang memiliki nomor unik yang dapat digunakan untuk melakukan pembayaran layaknya kartu kredit pada umumnya. Namun setelah pembayaran dilakukan, biaya akan langsung didebet dari rekening anda seperti layaknya transaksi menggunakan kartu debit. Setiap kita melakukan request pembuatan VCC, kita diminta memasukan nominal uang yang dijadikan limit transaksi kartu kredit virtual kita. VCC ini relatif lebih aman dibanding kartu kredit konvensional karena nomor kartu yang sekali pakai sehingga lebih aman dari ancaman carding.

Contoh jika menggunakan SMS banking BNI:

Ketik REQ(spasi)VCN(spasi)5000000 artinya kita meminta dibuatkan kartu kredit virtual dengan limit transaksi lima juta rupiah.

Berikut gambaran proses request VCN:

VCC BNI
VCC BNI

*Hati-hati dengan informasi nomor kartu (16 digit) dan verification code (3 digit) serta masa berlaku kartu. Dengan tiga informasi itu, siapapun dapat melakukan pembayaran online asalkan memasukkan data tersebut dengan tepat. Jaga agar informasi tidak diketahui orang lain.

Jika limit kartu debit hanya 10 juta rupiah, pembayaran IHS dan aplikasi visa tidak bisa dibayarkan langsung. Lakukan pembayaran IHS terlebih dahulu sekitar jam 11 menjelang tengah malam, kemudian setelah hari berganti baru lakukan pembayaran aplikasi visa. Jika limit kartu debit belum di-reset maka VCC tidak akan bisa digunakan. Pengalaman saya IHS membutuhkan biaya 342 USD (4.579.397 IDR) dan aplikasi visa 499 USD (6.681.635 IDR). Keduanya saya lakukan pada tanggal 5 Juli dan 6 Juli 2016. Kurs VCC sedikit diatas kurs jual bank BNI, mungkin selisih kurs tersebut yang menjadi keuntungan bank maka dari itu tidak ada biaya untuk penggunaan BNI debit online.

Lolos tanpa Wawancara bukan sekadar Mitos

Saya tidak mengikuti tahapan wawancara karena jam appointment saya jam setengah delapan pagi sehingga interviewer belum tersedia untuk wawancara. Petugas VFS membebaskan saya untuk melakukan wawancara yang bisa dilakukan mulai jam 12 siang, namun tidak diwajibkan. Saya memutuskan untuk tidak mengikuti wawancara karena menurut petugas, wawancara tidak menentukan lolos tidaknya aplikasi visa namun kelengkapan dokumenlah yang lebih penting. Nyatanya aplikasi visa saya sukses tanpa wawancara, ternyata perkataan mbak-mbak VFS benar loh! Total waktu proses visa saya adalah 11 hari kerja, dimulai tanggal 8 Juli 2016 dan selesai tanggal 25 Juli 2016.

 

Semoga cerita saya bermanfaat untuk teman-teman yang ingin mengajukan visa Tier 4 UK. Semua bisa dilakukan sendiri tanpa bantuan biro jasa atau lembaga pendidikan. Lumayan kan biaya biro jasa yang ratusan ribu rupiah. Nyatanya saya tidak dipersulit kok selama dokumen kita lengkap dan mengikuti aturan yang benar. Good luck!

Jakarta, 26 Juli 2016

 

Application for Imperial College London – MSc in Sustainable Energy Futures 2016

Hi there, I want to share about my application process for Postgraduate program at Imperial College London. Hope this post enlighten your mind about applying for Imperial MSc program. I will tell the story in chronological order.

8 February – 1 March 2016

I started studying about Imperial College since 2015 and applying for the program on 8 February 2016. You can scrutinize the program description in the website. They made the program handbook, course description, program specification, and the FAQ available for download. SEF also has released a blog at http://energyfutureslab.wordpress.com where students and lab members write their opinion and story. You can also request a prospectus to Imperial Graduate Admissions to learn more about the postgraduate program. All aplication for Imperial College London made via the online admission system.

The MSc in Sustainable Energy Futures program itself had opened the application since late 2015. However the deadline for application is 31 March 2016. The deadline means you have to complete the application documents not late than the specified date. The application documents include two letter of recommendations, only if both LoR are submitted and accepted then the application status would change into completed. Please mind the uncertainty for letter of recommendation submission from your reference so your application would complete in time. Mind that this program is quite competitive, every year around 50 students accepted amongst around 350 applicants from all over the world. Timing is vital, the early you applied, the success chance is higher than later application. I completed my application on 1 March 2016 because my second recommendation came at 1 March, even all application form had been filled and first recommendation already given. I waited almost one month just for recommendation. Luckily I still have time before the deadline application day.

When you apply using the online application, you should get a CID (College Identification) Number as log in ID in Imperial College Student e-services website. Activate your account and make a password. You can save your progress while filling the forms and continue whenever you want. You cannot continue further if the required box still not filled. If you have completed the application, you can monitor the progress using student e-services web. However if the decision has been made, you should get a notification in your email. I got an email on 11 April 2016 (about 5 weeks from the completion of application) for the decision notification. Later I found out I was conditionally accepted for the MSc program. You should respond to the offer whether to accept or defer it.

11 April 2016 – Decision on the application

How to change the conditional offer to unconditional?

In the student e-services site, there should be a list of outstanding* items need to be submitted to ICL. In normal case, they might ask for proof of bachelor completion alongside the academic transcript. They also might require a deposit to be made, however this can be substituted by letter of guarantee or letter of scholarship. In my case as Indonesia Endowment Fund for Education, I submitted a LOS and it worked as a magic. I need only to submit the bachelor certificate and academic trancript by air mail. I was using Indonesia mail service, EMS POS Indonesia to transfer the documents. The damage cost was only around 300 thousand IDR. Just for information, using DHL services might costed around 600 thousand IDR.

For LPDP awardee or any of you intending to attend ICL as LPDP awardee, I suggest to apply for ICL after you got the LOS from LPDP. In some case, ICL is strict about deposit payment. It would be better if you already have the LOS to guarantee your payment, so deposit does not need to be made. I apply for LPDP in January 2016 and accepted in March 2016. The timing was just perfect for me.

*They require me to send the original documents, however after consult with my fellow friend I decided to send the copy documents with legalized stamp. The registry did not complaint and 1 day after the arrival of documents, my status altered to unconditionally accepted.

What to do after I unconditionally accepted?

You might prepare the documents needed for visa application. It depends on your country, should you see the visa and immigrations of UK website about that. I got a long period of waiting my CAS* number to be generated by ICL because regarding to the course starting date at 1 October 2016, CAS will not be generated early than 1 July 2016. In a period of time between late April 2016 until July 2016, I could only prepare for documents for visa application waiting on the CAS to come. If you need a Letter of Acceptance, just contact the registry for your study program and soon it will be sent to you. However you should on unconditional offer to have that.

*CAS is Confirmation of Acceptance of Studies, required to make UK Visa Tier 4 type. It accounts for 30 points in your total visa points of 40. The other 10 accounts for maintenance fee during your study in UK.

For any of you applying for the ICL postgrad program, I wish you good luck!

Tes Bebas TBC di RS Premier Jatinegara untuk Syarat Visa UK tahun 2016

Halo pembaca, sebagian besar dari kalian pasti belum pernah melakukan tes bebas TBC. Termasuk saya juga sebelumnya, yang terpaksa tes ini untuk prasyarat pengajuan visa Tier 4 ke UK. Dalam bayangan saya awalnya, tes bebas TBC yang seharga 690 ribu rupiah (17 Mei 2016) mencakup tes dahak dan sebagainya. Ternyata pada dasarnya tes anti TBC hanya terdiri dari foto rontgen thorax yang kemudian diamati oleh dokter ahli radiologi. Tes ini sebenarnya sudah pernah saya lakukan sebagai prasyarat mendaftar Beasiswa Pendidikan Indonesia – LPDP. Namun karena pihak imigrasi UK mensyaratkan tes dilakukan hanya di tiga rumah sakit Indonesia, RS Premier Bintaro, RS Premier Jatinegara, dan salah satu RS di Bali maka saya melakukan tes ulang.

Sebenarnya saya agak parno dengan tes ini, takut hasilnya menunjukkan positif laten TBC. Kakek saya pernah mengidap TBC sewaktu umur saya 8 tahun. Salah satu yang unik tentang tes TBC di RS Premier Jatinegara, satu hari setelah tes anda akan deg-degan menunggu hasil. Jika menerima panggilan telepon keesokan harinya, berarti anda dicurigai terjangkit TBC dan perlu pengecekan sputum atau dahak. Dan tes dahak bisa memakan waktu hingga berbulan-bulan karena spesimen dahak perlu dikembangkan secara ilmu mikrobiologi. Maka saran saya bagi yang ingin membuat visa UK, tes bisa dilakukan paling cepat 6 bulan sebelum keberangkatan. Karena sertifikat yang diterbitkan oleh RS Premier itu berlaku sampai 6 bulan setelah tes dilakukan. Biasanya universitas UK intake di bulan September sehingga dari bulan Maret dan April tes sudah bisa dilakukan. Hal ini juga perlu dilakukan untuk menghindari antrian pendaftaran di waktu-waktu padat pengajuan visa UK pada bulan Juni.

Berikut langkah-langkah dan tips jika anda ingin melakukan tes bebas TBC di RS Premier Jatinegara:

  1. Lakukan dulu booking melalui telepon 1500908 di bagian medical check up untuk tes TBC Visa UK. Dokumen yang perlu disiapkan adalah paspor asli yang masih berlaku dan pas foto 4×6 latar belakang warna biru. Usahakan datang jam 9 karena sistem menganut first come first serve. Semakin telat semakin lama anda menunggu.
  2. RS Premier Jatinegara dapat dijangkau dengan transportasi umum Commuter Line (turun di stasiun Jatinegara disambung dengan angkot biru ke arah Kampung Melayu) atau Transjakarta (turun di halte RS Premier atau Kampung Melayu) atau dengan layanan ojek online yang cepat dan nyaman.
  3. Sampai disana, langsung ambil nomor antrian di lobby sebelah kiri dari arah masuk. Ambil antrian untuk bagian medical check up. Setelah melakukan administrasi, anda akan disuruh untuk menuju lantai 7 (bagian medical check up).
  4. Hanya ada satu ruangan di lantai 7, langsung menuju ke ruangan sebelah kanan dari keluar lift untuk bertemu perawat dan menyerahkan berkas.
  5. Anda akan diminta untuk mengisi formulir dan kuesioner mengenai latar belakang dan riwayat TBC. Tidak banyak yang perlu diisi, hanya 10 menit dibutuhkan untuk mengisinya. Saat mengisi lembar sertifikat harus benar-benar teliti karena itu yang akan dicetak di sertifikat bebas TBC nantinya, jangan sampai ada kesalahan terutama nomor pasport.
  6. Tunggu panggilan untuk melakukan foto rontgen dan setelah selesai anda akan diminta menunggu sebentar untuk mengecek draft sertifikat apakah sudah sesuai atau belum.
  7. Setelah selesai anda dapat melakukan pembayaran. Anda akan diberikan souvenir dan bukti pengambilan sertifikat yang harus dibawa saat pengambilan.
  8. Jika hasil ingin diambilkan oleh orang lain, anda perlu membuat surat kuasa yang formatnya bisa diminta ke perawat. Orang yang mewakilkan hanya perlu membawa surat kuasa dan bukti pengambilan.
  9. Esok harinya berdoa agar anda tidak ditelepon pihak RS karena jika ya maka artinya anda perlu melakukan tes dahak karena ada kecurigaan TBC.
  10. Jika tidak menerima telepon, anda bisa mengambil hasilnya siang hari dari jam 12 sampai jam 3:30.

Sekian cerita dari saya, semoga bermanfaat untuk pembaca semua yang ingin melakukan tes TBC untuk syarat visa UK.

Ronald Sukianto

Becoming an Awardee of BPI LPDP PK-66

10th March 2016

It was a nerve wrecking moment for me. Right after my plane had landed on CGK airport around 9 PM, an email arrived from LPDP. LINE group suddenly full of both joy and sorrow, many of them were accepted and many were not. The flight attendants of CITILINK QG-833 had commenced all passengers to get off the airplane. I still remember the feeling of joy when I read my scholarship application was successful. The best feeling when you just arrived from your duty and got a jubilant news.

First of all, I like to tell about what is the scholarship about. The BPI (Beasiswa Pendidikan Indonesia) or the Indonesia Education Scholarship is a higher education scholarship program organized professionally by LPDP (Lembaga Pengelola Dana Pendidikan) or the Indonesia Endowment Fund for Education. The scholarship aims for prospective future leader of Indonesia in several strategic fields such as Energy, Science, Food, Maritime, Law, Economics, Creative Industries, Medical and Health to pursue their Master or Doctorate education in top universities in Indonesia and overseas. The program is very popular, attracts thousands of applicant each batch. I enrolled for 1st batch of 2016, more than 1000 students were accepted for both overseas and domestic universities.

The idea of this kind of scholarship may be heard in some countries a long time ago, but first time in Indonesia. Demographics on 2045 tends to advantageous for Indonesia, but in the term of number. Making sure the bonus turn into advantages for Indonesia, this program intends to prepare future leader in several sectors through higher education funding. Strategic research also fostered by generous funding to prepare the economic boom in the next twenty years. I am feeling optimistic for this thought, Indonesia may be top country in economics in 2045.

PK (Persiapan Keberangkatan)

PK is more like Program Kepemimpinan (Leadership Program) for me. All of BPI awardee should attend this program to receive scholarship contract that funds their study. PK also one of the important thing that make LPDP distinct from other scholarship program. I found myself lucky to attend this program. Yet the program was very tiring but it was very worth valued. I got batch sixty six or the PK-66. We call ourself as the Laskar Dewantara. Inspired by the spirit of fostering Indonesian education inherited from National Heroes, Suwardi Suryaningrat or famously known as Ki Hadjar Dewantara. He was the founder of Taman Siswa, school for indigenous people in the era of Dutch colonialism. His famous proverbs could be seen in Indonesia Ministry of Education motto, Tut Wuri Handayani.

Laskar Dewantara consisted of best people from their fields all over Indonesia, Elementary school teacher, general practiticioner, university lecturer, foreign ministry staff, national development staff, private sector professional, humanity volunteer, social media consultant, NGO, veterinarian, spatial designer, researcher, lawyer, entrepreneur, dentist, to civil servants. This is the perfect networking program for future Indonesia professionals, entrepreneurs, and officials.

We can meet famous, cool-people-you-can-not-meet-unless-in-pk like Marty Natalegawa, Roby Muhammad, Butet Manurung, and many others. Marty Natalegawa was a foreign minister of Indonesia on SBY era, known as his eloquent and stylish manners. Roby Muhammad as I first knew his name and his face was actually very inspiring talker. I like his idea about passion is actually bullshit, nobody has only one passion in his life. Pursue what you’re interested in with your best effort and success might come. Well he proved that in his life journey, from physics graduate student to social network analyst. Butet Manurung, known for his activity in teaching indigenous people in the jungle with SOKOLA RIMBA.

My batch, PK-66 got the chance to do rafting as the outbond activity. Aside from inspirational and motivational from famous speakers, we also had outdoor activity for team building. Lucky for us, we got rafting at Paralayang River in Pangalengan, West Java. It was the best day of PK, having fun all day. In short, PK is one of the offering point of LPDP scholarship you should get.

Selection Process

Well, about the selection process I could not say much. The selection process was normal: Administration – Interview – FGD and essay writing. Notes for you that will undergo the process:

  1. Preparation is the king, Never attend the selection without proper preparation about knowing yourself and your study plan. The scholarship wants people who will come back to Indonesia with their knowledge, to build Indonesia. Make sure your plan in the future fits with this.
  2. Believe in yourself. You will meet highly competitive people in the selection with high achievement. No need to compare yourself to others, the only man you need to beat is your ego.
  3. LGD and Essay. I did not finish my essay back there. In LGD, I am one of the most ordinary contributor in the group. Do not concentrate too much in this section because it seems that they are giving less contribution than the interview.

Well, good luck for you all who intending to apply for LPDP scholarship!

Ronald Sukianto

PK-66 Laskar Dewantara